The majority of states, however, include language about age differences between minors and their sexual partners. Early initiation of sexual intercourse has been linked to increased risk of sexually transmitted infections STIs and pregnancy during adolescence 2 , 3. Fifty-eight percent of males had had first sex before age 18 Table 2. According to this research, the youngest teenage mothers were the most likely to have had a much older male partner.
Is having sex at a young age, having sex with an older partner or the combination of these behaviors associated with reduced contraceptive use and increased risk of a teenage birth? Women who had been cohabiting with or engaged to their first partner had nearly three times the odds of those who had been going steady with their first partner of having a teenage birth 2. Higginson JG, , op. National Center for Juvenile Justice, Second, ideally, we would have classified teenagers by age and partner's age difference for all of teenagers' sexual relationships, rather than only for their first. The result concerning contraceptive use complements other research and suggests that females may have reduced negotiating power in their relationships with older males. A total of participants almost 7 percent of the weighted sample tested positive for at least one STI at wave 3. We ask the following research questions: Black or other , and parental education highest level of education attained by either parent, categorized as less than high school referent , completion of high school, some additional training, and college graduation. The mean current age in our study sample at wave 3 was Relationship type at first sex was categorized as cohabiting or engaged; going steady; or going out once in a while, just friends, just met or other. What is the prevalence of first sex at a young age with an older partner? When first sexual relationship characteristics were added to the model, the association between age at first sex and contraceptive use remained marginally significant 0. Family Planning Perspectives, ,27 4: Of those, 9, had complete data on our variables of interest, with almost all of the missing data being attributable to respondents' lacking results for the biologic STI laboratory tests approximately 8 percent of respondents chose not to provide a specimen; approximately 2 percent were unable to provide a specimen at the time of the interview; 3 percent of specimens could not be processed because of shipping and laboratory problems; and 6 percent of the N. To provide complete information on whether respondents had experienced a teenage birth, we further restricted the sample to females and males aged 20— Over the past several years, substantial funding has been directed toward programs designed to delay first sexual intercourse among adolescents i. RESULTS Sex at a young age with an older partner was associated with not living with a biological parent at age 14 and Hispanic ethnicity for females and males, early menarche and religious attendance for females, and black race for males. As hypothesized, and consistent with age differences in relationships among adults, 23 a smaller proportion of males than of females reported having sex at a young age with an older partner. Young adults aged 18—24 years report much higher annual rates of STI than older adults and carry a heavy disease burden 15 , These findings highlight the differences between rape and statutory rape, which may be prosecuted even if both parties consider the sexual relationship to be voluntary. Early initiation of sexual intercourse has been linked to increased risk of sexually transmitted infections STIs and pregnancy during adolescence 2 , 3. Latino , race White referent vs. A nationally representative sample of 9, respondents aged 18—26 years was tested for chlamydial infection, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis in wave 3 — of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. This finding suggests that delaying sexual activity among males will help reduce early fatherhood, and thus increase the likelihood that these fathers can support their families in a marital relationship. In the initial full model, all variables and terms for interaction with age at first sexual intercourse were entered simultaneously. In addition, women who had had early sex with a partner 3—4 years older had marginally higher odds of teenage birth than those who had had early sex with a similarly aged partner 1.
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