The former Johnson house and schoolhouse remained in the same locations. Examination of the building reveals a complex construction sequence incorporating four periods of major addition and expansion. The two-story core was expanded three bays to the south at that time. The crossroads of Comus was the site of a rearguard action during the Antietam Campaign of Civil War on the 9th and 10th of September
This log dwelling occupies the north end of the principal block. The log construction employs squared, hand-hewn Chestnut logs keyed with steeple corner notches. The community came to include a school and town hall, blacksmith shop, a small general store, and residences. The two-story core was expanded three bays to the south at that time. The original log house constructed ca. The Johnson-Wolfe Farm formed the nucleus for the development of a rural community of Comus during the last decades of the nineteenth century. Ephraim Road currently Comus Road. The Johnson-Wolfe Farm Comus Inn reflects a locally significant pattern of history in that it illustrates the process of the evolution of rural crossroads communities in rural western Montgomery County. The village was located at the intersection of two roads: The 8th Illinois and 3rd Indiana Cavalry, reinforced by the 6th US Cavalry and other units under the command of General Hancock, proceeding from the Darnestown area, deployed in the area, fighting a running skirmish along Old Hundred Road, from Barnesville to Hyattstown. The Comus Inn property at the old crossroads was the site of Union artillery batteries, as well as a gathering point for Federal forces seeking to capture the Confederate signal station. A schoolhouse originally constructed in occupied the southeast corner of the intersection Cuttler ; Martenet and Bond A few other houses were erected along Old Hundred Road. Although the character of many of the old crossroads communities in Montgomery County has been lost to suburbanization and development, agricultural zoning in this part of the county, coupled with an active agricultural preservation program that has encompassed surrounding farms, has heretofore precluded significant suburban encroachment on Comus. The Martenet and Bond map of the area depicted two buildings at this crossroads. The former Johnson house and schoolhouse remained in the same locations. The area remained agricultural; Scharf identified the area as a rich tobacco-growing region Scharf , reprint, vol 1: Confederate forces had crossed the Potomac River into Maryland on 5 September In addition, the legacy of Gordon Strong at Stronghold, or Sugarloaf Mountain, has served to fortify the rural character of the area. Construction Sequence of Main House The main house of the Johnson-Wolfe Farm comprises a two-story, five-bay, double pile principal block and rear addition. The second major period of construction was undertaken ca. The area began to be called Johnsonville for its cluster of log dwellings constructed by the Johnson family. Nicholson constructed a house and store on the southwest corner of the intersection. Under the Wolfe ownership, the house lot evolved into a domestic rural complex since the owner drew his livelihood from blacksmithing to support the regional economy. These additions survive intact and are characterized by differences in design, materials, and workmanship. The addition resulted in the current configuration of the main elevation of the principal block. The Johnson-Wolfe Farm is unusual in its intact physical context from the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries that contributes to the identify of the complex and its ability to embody the characteristics of a local rural domestic building type that evolved over time.
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